Most Sought After Biology Notes

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Friday, 31 October 2014

FORECAST 2014 SERIES#2 - Pancreas Malfunction

QUESTION EXAMPLE:

A doctor-patient situation is given below:


















A) State and explain the effect of the condition above to the production of pancreatic enzymes and hormones (4 marks)

B) Suggest and explain relevant advice that can be given by the physician so the patient can manage his condition (4 marks)

__________________________________________


Before we answer these question, let's do a quick revision about the pancreas function:



























Thus, the answers:

ANSWER OUTLINE:

ANSWER FOR QUESTION A) 

*They key word here is PRODUCTION OF ENZYME & HORMONE, NOT REACTION.

Pancreas function is to produce digestive enzymes such as LAT (lipase, amylase, & trypsin). (1m)
Since he has degenerative pancreatic disease, the production of these enzymes will be low. (1m)
Pancreas function is also to produce sugar-regulating enzymes (insulin & glucagon). (1m)
Since he has degenerative pancreatic disease, the production of these hormones will also be low (1m).

ANSWER FOR QUESTION B)

The patient should take enzyme pills together with his/her meal (1m)
So, the patient can compensate his/her low production of enzymes. (1m)
The patient also should take insulin injection after a heavy meal. (1m)
So the insulin travels in bloodstream to the liver & reduce the blood glucose level (1m). 

RESPECTO.

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