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Monday, 21 October 2013

BIOLOGY 2013 FORECAST SERIES 9 - Using TEP Formula for Colonization & Succession

Colonization, an interesting topic we learnt in Dynamic Ecosystem. Here we shall discuss the technique of using TEP to answer the question below:

Q: Discuss the colonization and succession process occur in a pond.

TEP is defined below:

We already know that the colonization & succession series in a porn pond can be divided into 3 categories. These categories are translated into 3 paragraphs in our answer sheet, as described below:

Para. 1: PIONEER SPECIES
Para. 2: THE SUCCESSOR SPECIES
Para. 3: COMMUNITY CLIMAX

By using the TEP technique, your answer would be perfect, just like below:
______________________________________

PIONEER SPECIES

  • First, the pioneer species (TERM) such as the submerged plants like Hydrilla (EXAMPLE) is first to inhabit the pond.
  • They are also the first to colonize the pond. (PROCESS 1)
  • Their dead substances would make the pond shallower. (PROCESS 2)
  • This would make the pond not suitable for them. (PROCESS 3)

*Use the same TEP in the following paragraphs...


THE SUCCESSOR SPECIES

  • Later, they are succeeded by the successor species such as the floating plants like water lily.
  • Their dead substances also would make the pond shallower.
  • This would make the pond not suitable for them.
  • They are replaces by another successor species such as the emergent plants like common reed (lalang air). 
  • Again, their dead substances would make the pond shallower and completely covered with sediment.
  • Again, this would make the pond not suitable for them.

THE COMMUNITY CLIMAX.
  • New terrestrial plants such as the shrubs will grow the sediment.
  • Eventually, the forest will be formed and climax community is reached.

REMINDER
-remember that short & concise sentences are sought by the examiners, so our job is to give them what they want for our own sake (full marks).
-so your sentence should be KISS (keep it short and simple).

If you having trouble in remembering the points, just use the TEP as your guidance to answer this type of question.

For this year, it is highly anticipated that the topic regarding colonisation & succession in mangrove swamp might be on the paper. Now, get busy constructing your answer using TEP. If you have time, send to me personally so I can check them.

RESPECTO.

7 comments:

  1. Sir,my teacher advises us tat spm paper 2 essay question is not encourage us to draw a table in comparing question.so,should i write in paragraph?
    How about other question,should i write in paragraph?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. i explained the table form in my latest post. you can do in paragraph if you wan to. later i share how to tackle the paragraph/essay form of question this Wednesday (30 October)

      Delete
  2. ok,thank you so much,sir.
    I will continue follow ur latest post.
    Let u know if i get A in bio.>...<

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  3. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  4. hi sir. i had just watched ur edunation seminar video. it was just awesome. i hope tat u upload more on bio soalan ramalan.... :)

    ReplyDelete
  5. hi sir, i just wanted to tell you that your guidance has helped me so much in remembering bio hard facts , hope you will keep it up sir!

    ReplyDelete
  6. i enjoy reading your blog posts. keep up your good work!

    ReplyDelete